Top 7 Best Health Issues in Persian Cats

Persian Cats are the fourth most popular purebred cat breed in the United States. Unfortunately, a British study also found that approximately 65% of Persians surveyed had at least one health issue. Seven of Persian cats’ most common health issues are discussed in this article. Additionally, we will advise you on how to maintain your Persian cat’s optimal health.

Top 7 Best Health Issues in Persian Cats:

1. Syndrome of brachycephalic airway obstruction:

Flat-faced dog and cat breeds, including Persians, are commonly affected by brachycephalic airway obstruction syndrome (BAOS). Animals with flat faces have short skulls, which also cause facial structure changes. These modifications disrupt the cat’s normal respiratory process in the case of BAOS.

Persians with BAOS might have a few actual changes, including restricting the nasal entries and windpipe. The name of the disease comes from the fact that these changes disrupt the normal flow of air to your cat’s lungs. The diagnosis of BAOS is typically made through a physical examination, though it may also be made while the cat is unconscious and sedated. Persians with BAOS might encounter gentle to serious impacts. The method of treatment will be influenced by the severity of the disease.

2. Cardiomyopathy with hypertrophy:

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is likewise a typical medical condition for Persians. An abnormally thick heart wall slows blood flow in cats with this disease. Due to its prevalence in Persian cats and other purebred cats, it is thought to be an inherited condition.

For years, some cats with HCM may not exhibit symptoms. Most of the time, symptoms only show up when poor blood flow starts to cause other problems, like heart failure. Blood clots can form in the heart of cats with HCM and spread to other parts of the body, resulting in life-threatening blood blockages. An echocardiogram, which examines the heart through sound waves, is typically used to diagnose HCM. Effective treatment ordinarily relies upon whether the cat creates side effects.

3. Polycystic Kidney Disease:

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD), a genetic condition, is one of Persians’ most common health issues. Cats with this illness are brought into the world with little liquid-filled sacs called growths in the kidneys. The cyst grows over time until it starts to affect how the kidneys work normally. In the end, it leads to kidney failure. Kidney disease was found to be the leading cause of death among the Persians surveyed in the preceding British study. PKD is brought about by a particular quality in Persians that is distinguished through a blood test. A blood test is typically used to diagnose kidney disease. PKD cannot be treated. Supporting the kidneys and maintaining your cat’s health for as long as possible are the objectives of the treatment.

4. Eye conditions:

Because of their leveled faces, Persian cats’ eyes jut further from their heads than different varieties. In addition, their abnormal skull shape puts them at risk for a variety of eye conditions. Eye problems were the second most common issue among Persians, according to a British study.

Certain Eye Conditions Persians are inclined to entropion, which happens when the eyelids move internally, and the eyelashes aggravate the eyes. Additionally, they are prone to corneal ulcers, which are scratches on the eye’s surface. Many Persians dislike tear pipes, prompting exorbitant tearing and soil in the eyes. A veterinary examination and specific tests are used to diagnose most eye issues. The problem found determines the treatment options.

5. Dental conditions:

The facial state of the Persians makes them more inclined to dental issues. As a result of their flat faces, Persians may find it challenging to eat. Too many teeth cause problems for Persians frequently. Your teeth are more likely to accumulate tartar because of these structural issues.

While bad breath is never pleasant, the quantity of bacteria that can accumulate on stained teeth is a more serious issue associated with dental disease. Through the bloodstream, the bacteria can spread to other parts of the body and infect vital organs like the heart and kidneys.

6. Skin conditions:

Problems with Persians’ skin and coats were the most frequently mentioned illnesses in a British study. Persians are more likely to develop the fungal disease ringworm because of a few genetic mutations. They additionally have long, thick fur, which increases the gamble of skin illnesses.

Most skin infections, including ringworm, are analyzed utilizing explicit research center tests. Usually, skin problems can be treated, but the process can take a long time and be frustrating. To confound matters further, Persians can communicate the ringworm organism to people, which is an especially disagreeable and bothersome threat.

7. Birth-related concerns:

A pregnancy complication known as dystocia, in which a kitten becomes entangled in the birth canal, occurs more frequently in Persian cats. Persians have a higher incidence of this condition due to their larger heads and narrower hips. Sadly, this combination does not facilitate a natural birth. If the kittens are born abnormally, a pregnant Persian cat may need a cesarean section. Sadly, the study also found that Persian cats have the highest rate of kitten loss among purebred cats—25 percent—compared to other breeds.


One of their most lovable characteristics is their flat faces, which Persians find to be a source of many difficulties. It’s no surprise that Persians are equally popular everywhere because of their gentle and sweet nature. If you are considering purchasing a Persian cat, you must be aware of the potential issues. We hope that this list of seven common health issues in Persian will be of assistance to you.

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